Luke Chapter 13

Key Idea: The King is in their midst…but they miss Him

Summary: Hey all,

How is your week going so far? Can you believe we're still having cool weather? I guess that's okay with me, it gives me a few more days to wear my boots. Ha!!

Last Sunday, we took a brief tour of the Old Testament showing how from the beginning, with the sacrifice of Abel, that everything points to the coming of Jesus Christ and the salvation that God would bring. We talked of Noah and the ark, the deliverance of Israel from slavery, the provision of God in the wilderness, to the building of the Tabernacle and the initiation of worship in the Temple.

God loves His creation and He had come to take judgement upon HImself to make a way for us to come to Him.

"O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, the city that kills the prophets and stones those sent to her! How often I wanted to gather your children together, just as a hen gathers her chicks under her wings, but you would not come." Luke 13:34

Do you remember the old hymn?

O how He loves you and me...O how He loves you and me...He gave His life, what more could He give? O how He loves you...O how He loves me...O how He loves you and me.

In this section, Jesus addresses the questions of "What is the kingdom of God? Who gets to enter?"

He gives two stories to illustrate His point.

In Luke 13:18-21, He gives the parable of the mustard seed. A small seed is planted that grows into a huge tree with branches so big that birds from the sky are able to nest.

The point...the Kingdom of God starts small, but the end result will be universal. The focus is on its impact. We see in the previous passage, that some of the people are beginning to rejoice in the works of God being done through Jesus. Though, the leaders of Israel will reject Him as the Messiah, there are some who believe HIs message and they will enter the kingdom.

The birds that rest in the branches indicate that the Kingdom of God will be made up of people from all nations, not just Israel.

In the parable of the leaven, the focus is on the Kingdom's influence and it's transforming power. It doesn't take much to make a large quantity of dough to rise. Only a small amount is needed. It works form the inside out transforming an entire lump of dough.

The KIngdom of God is made up of people who have been transformed from the inside out. The work of God begins in the heart and works its way to the outside.

It is important to note that the power to change comes from the outside, the dough does not change itself!

In Luke 13:22-30, Luke records an incident in which Jesus is asked, how many will be saved?

Luke most likely includes this encounter, because it is linked in subject to the previous verses.

The answer Jesus gives is indirect. Though, He does not give an exact number, He does state that those who enter will be fewer than those who do not. Jesus stresses that just because someone invited Him to dinner and He ate with them, does not guarantee them entrance into the kingdom. Though, the invitation is open now, the time will come when the door will be closed and those on the outside will want to come in.

Those who will eat at the table in the Kingdom of God will come from all over the world.

Some of those who are the last to come, may actually be the first of importance. Those who were first, may be last.

Jesus takes this opportunity to stress the importance of "striving" for entrance. Just as one would agonize in the games or in sports to win. Those who desire to enter must not be half-hearted in their effort.

We did not get a chance to go over this in class nor did we touch on "the fox Herod". We will touch on this next week. Hmmm...I am still mulling over this myself.

Chapter 13 concludes with Jesus' lament over Jerusalem.

I am particularly touched by Jesus' comment...I wanted to gather you under my wings, but you would not come.

How many times have we missed a blessing because we would not come?!!

MEMORY VERSE: Psalm 90:1-2

He who dwells in the shelter of the Most High, will abide in the shadow of the Almighty.
I will say to the LORD, "My refuge and my fortress, My God in whom I trust."

Have a great week! See you, Sunday.


Notes: download study notes